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Smoking-attributable rate of hospital admissions twice as high amongst men than women

29 May, 2015: Tenth annual statistical compendium reports on number of hospital admissions of adults aged 35 and over due to diseases which can be caused by smoking

*HSCIC must be quoted as the source of these figures

*Regional data are available within this report

In 2013-14, for adults aged 35 and over there were an estimated 285,0002 hospital admissions3 that can be attributed to smoking4 for men, compared with 169,000 among women. This represents six per cent of all admissions for men and three per cent for women.

Latest figures published by the Health and Social Care Information Centre show that cancers which can be caused by smoking (158,000) is the disease category with highest number of smoking-attributable admissions. Some of the largest differences in rates by gender were observed in the following cancers:

  • 72 per cent of admissions for upper respiratory site cancers were attributable to smoking for men, compared with 48 per cent for women.
  • 33 per cent of admissions for kidney and renal pelvis cancers were attributable to smoking for men, compared with eight per cent for women.

Statistics on Smoking, England 2015 presents a range of information on smoking among adults and children, including prevalence, behaviours and attitudes, smoking-related costs and the effect on health in terms of hospital admissions and deaths from smoking-related illnesses.5

The report also shows:

  • Prevalence of cigarette smoking was higher for men (22 per cent) than women (17 per cent).6
  • Amongst 11 to 15 year old pupils in England in 2013, less than a quarter (22 per cent) reported that they had tried smoking at least once. This is the lowest level on record since the data were first collected in 1982, and continues the decline since 2003, when 42 per cent of pupils had tried smoking.7
  • The Net Ingredient Cost (NIC) of all prescription items used to help people quit smoking in 2013-14 was nearly £48.8 million. This is a decrease of 16 per cent on the £58.1 million spent in 2012-13 and 26 per cent less than its peak in 2010-11, of £65.9 million.8
  • In 2013, smoking prevalence amongst adults aged 18 and over was lowest in London, the South East and the South West, where it was 17 per cent. This compares to the highest in the North East, where it was 22 per cent, followed by 20 per cent in the North West and Yorkshire and The Humber.9
  • In 2013, three per cent of adults aged 16 and over reported that they were using e-cigarettes (vapourisers) at the time. A further two per cent of men and one per cent of women were using nicotine delivery products other than e-cigarettes.10

The full report is at: www.hscic.gov.uk/pubs/smoking15

ENDS


Notes to Editors

  1. The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) was established on April 1 2013 as an Executive Non Departmental Public Body (ENDPB). It is England's trusted data source, delivering high quality information and IT systems to drive better patient services, care and outcomes. Its work includes publishing more than 220 statistical publications annually; providing a range of specialist data services; managing informatics projects and programmes and developing and assuring national systems against appropriate contractual, clinical safety and information standards.
  2. Figures over 100,000 have been rounded to the nearest 1,000; figures over 1 million have been rounded to the nearest 100,000. Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole percentage; percentage calculations are based on un-rounded figures.
  3. Hospital admissions are recorded in Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). HES is a data warehouse containing details of all admissions to NHS hospitals in England. It includes private patients treated in NHS hospitals, patients who were resident outside of England and care delivered by treatment centres (including those in the independent sector) funded by the NHS.
  4. Estimates of smoking-attributable NHS hospital admissions are based on: 
    - Estimates of smoking prevalence for both smokers and ex-smokers 
    - Relative risks for developing non-fatal diseases for both smokers and ex-smokers for those diseases known to be associated with smoking
    - Observed numbers of hospital admissions caused by those diseases which can be caused by smoking.
  5. This report contains data and information previously published by the HSCIC, Department of Health, the Office of National Statistics and Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs. Appendix A provides further information on the key sources used. The report also included new analyses carried out by the HSCIC.
  6. Source: Opinions and Lifestyle Survey, Smoking Habits Amongst Adults, 2013, Office for National Statistics, 2014.
  7. Source: Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use Among Young People in England - 2013, HSCIC
  8. Prescription data was obtained from the Prescribing Analysis and Cost tool (PACT) system, which covers prescriptions prescribed by GPs, nurses, pharmacists and others in England and dispensed in the community in the UK. More information is available at www.hscic.gov.uk/primary-care/prescribing
  9. Source: Integrated Household Survey: January 2013 to December 2013 (Experimental Statistics), Office for National Statistics, 2014
  10. Source: Health Survey for England - 2013, HSCIC
  11. For media enquires or interview requests please contact media@hscic.gov.uk or telephone 0300 30 33 888. Please note the change to our media line number.
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