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Latest analysis shows current picture of diseases which were widespread in the Victorian era

27 October 2015: Latest analysis of hospital admissions(3) for a number of diseases that were widespread during the 19th and early 20th centuries is released by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) today.

*Regional information is available within this report

The report is part of the latest monthly provisional Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) publication, covering the period August 2014 to July 2015, as well as showing data over a five year period from August 2010 to July 2011.

Diseases included in the report, presented by primary4 and primary or secondary diagnosis5, are:

  • Gout
  • TB
  • Measles
  • Malnutrition
  • Whooping Cough
  • Scurvy
  • Mumps
  • Rickets
  • Scarlet Fever
  • Cholera
  • Diphtheria
  • Typhoid

Data for gout, TB, malnutrition, whooping cough and measles6 are presented by:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • NHS Area Team of residence6
  • Length of stay
  • Deprivation7

Today's analysis can be viewed at:


Notes to editors

1. The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) was established on April 1 2013 as an Executive Non Departmental Public Body (ENDPB). It is England's trusted data source, delivering high quality information and IT systems to drive better patient services, care and outcomes. Its work includes publishing more than 260 statistical publications annually; providing a range of specialist data services; managing informatics projects and programmes and developing and assuring national systems against appropriate contractual, clinical safety and information standards.

2. Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) are compiled from data sent by more than 300 NHS trusts in England and from approximately 200 independent sector organisations for activity commissioned by the English NHS. The HSCIC liaises closely with these organisations to encourage submission of complete and valid data and seeks to minimise inaccuracies. Figures refer to recorded admissions and are reliant upon the accurate and complete recording of cause of hospital admission. Submissions from the independent sector in particular have improved significantly in recent years.

3. 'Admissions' refers to the total number of finished admission episodes including emergency admissions. Please note that these data should not be described as a count of people as the same person may have been admitted or treated on more than one occasion.

4. The primary diagnosis is the first of up to 20 (14 from 2002-03 to 2006-07 and 7 prior to 2002-03) diagnosis fields in the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data set and provides the main reason why the patient was admitted to hospital.

5. The number of episodes where this diagnosis was recorded in any of the 20 (14 from 2002-03 to 2006-07 and 7 prior to 2002-03) primary and secondary diagnosis fields in a Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) record. Each episode is only counted once, even if the diagnosis is recorded in more than one diagnosis field of the record.

6. The area of residence is the area team (AT) containing the patient's normal home address. This does not necessarily reflect where the patient was treated as they may have travelled to another AT for treatment.

Measles are not shown by area team due to low numbers.

7. The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2010 is a measure of multiple deprivation which ranks the relative deprivation of each area of England in a number of domains (such as health and income) and then combines the individual scores to produce a composite score for each area. The patient's residential postcode is then mapped to one of these areas and summarised into 10 groups (deciles) for presentation. The analysis in this topic uses IMD 2010 data. See for further details.

The population denominator is the population in each IMD decile. This was calculated by linking ONS population data to IMD 2010 data via Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) and aggregating in to IMD deciles. Please note that population estimates for IMD deciles are linked to ONS population data from 2010 as this is the latest data available within HES that can be mapped to the corresponding LSOAs. All other population estimates within this report and corresponding rates per 100,000 people, are based on 2012 population data.

8. For media enquires or interview requests please contact or telephone 0300 30 33 888. Please note the change to our media line number.

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