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Three quarters of inpatient bariatric surgery procedures performed on women

28 April 2016: Women underwent 76 per cent of bariatric surgery procedures2 3 4 performed by the NHS during 2014-15, according to the latest figures released by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC).

*HSCIC must be quoted as the source of these figures

*Regional data are available within this report

During 2014-15, 6,030 bariatric surgery procedures were recorded in total with 4,590 procedures carried out on women, compared to 1,440 for men.

The majority of hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of obesity were for female patients - 6,630 which equates to 73 per cent, compared to 2,500 for men.

Overall, 58 per cent of women and 65 per cent of men were overweight or obese and the prevalence of obesity has increased from 15 per cent in 1993 to 26 per cent in 2014.

Morbid obesity, one of the conditions for which bariatric surgery may be considered, has tripled since 1993 from 1 per cent to 3 per cent. In 2014, almost 4 per cent of women were considered morbidly obese compared to 2 per cent of men.

Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet, England 2016 presents a range of information from a variety of recent publications and new analyses not previously published. Some of the insights from the report include:

  • Sunderland had the highest rate of hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of obesity (135 per 100,000 of the population) across Local Authorities in 2014-15, and also the highest rate of inpatient bariatric surgery procedures (64 per 100,000 of the population)5.
  • In 2014-15, 36 per cent of adults (16+) played sport at least once a week6, with 18 per cent of adults taking part on three or more occasions. 57 per cent had not taken part in any sport in the 28 days prior to being surveyed.
  • More than 1 in 5 children in reception year (aged 4-5) and 1 in 3 children in Year 6 (aged 10-11) were measured as being obese or overweight in 2014-15. In both age groups, children in the most deprived areas were twice as likely to be obese as children in least deprived areas.
  • In 2014, 519,000 items were prescribed for the treatment of obesity in primary care in England. That is 8 per cent fewer than in 2013 when 563,000 items were prescribed.
  • Merseyside had the highest prescription rate of Orlistat (Xenical®) - the main prescription item for treatment of obesity - at 17 items per 1,000 population, and Thames Valley the lowest rate at 5 per 1,000 population

The full report is available at: http://www.hscic.gov.uk/pubs/sopad16

ENDS


Notes to editors

1. The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) was established on 1 April 2013 as an Executive Non Departmental Public Body (ENDPB). It is England's trusted data source, delivering high quality information and IT systems to drive better patient services, care and outcomes. Its work includes publishing more than 260 statistical publications annually; providing a range of specialist data services; managing informatics projects and programmes and developing and assuring national systems against appropriate contractual, clinical safety and information standards.

2. Bariatric surgery procedures are performed to help weight loss; including stomach stapling, gastric bypass, gastric band and sleeve gastrectomy, as well as gastric band maintenance. The figures reported use HES data on the number of recorded Finished Consultant Episodes (FCEs) in an inpatient setting with a primary diagnosis of obesity and a main or secondary procedure of bariatric surgery.

3. Figures between 1,000 and 100,000 have been rounded to the nearest 10; figures over 100,000 have been rounded to the nearest 1,000; figures over 1 million have been rounded to the nearest 100,000. Percentages have been rounded to whole numbers; percentage calculations are based on un-rounded figures.

4. Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) is a data warehouse containing details of all admissions to NHS hospitals in England. It includes private patients treated in NHS hospitals, patients who were resident outside of England and care delivered by treatment centres (including those in the independent sector) funded by the NHS. The HES data presented in this report are for inpatients only, so do not reflect all hospital activity. This should be considered when interpreting the data as practice may vary over time and between regions. In particular, practices vary between hospitals as to whether some procedures are carried out or recorded in outpatient or inpatient settings and any changes in recording and clinical practice can affect the trends in this report.

5. The Local Authorities with the lowest rates of hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of obesity per 100,000 of the population, in 2014-15, were City of London (0 admissions per 100,000 population), Isles of Scilly (0), Leicestershire County Council (3) and Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council (4). The rates for Rutland County Council and Leicester City Council have not been published to avoid revealing small numbers. The Local Authorities with the lowest rates of inpatient bariatric surgery procedures per 100,000 of the population were City of London (0 procedures per 100,000 population), Isles of Scilly (0), Rutland County Council (0), Leicester City Council (2), Leicestershire County Council (2) and Salford City Council (2). The rates for Isle of Wight and Royal Borough of Windsor & Maidenhead (Unitary) have not been published to avoid revealing small numbers.

6. Played sports includes activities such as running, golf, swimming, team sports, racket sports, gymnastics, boxing, climbing and mountaineering, winter sports, archery, gym, and fitness activities or classes.

7. For media enquires or interview requests please contact media@hscic.gov.uk or telephone 0300 30 33 888.

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