Statistics on NHS Stop Smoking Services in England - April 2015 to December 2015
This quarterly report presents provisional results from the monitoring of the NHS Stop Smoking Services in England during the period 1 April 2015 to 31 December 2015. It includes information on the number of people setting a quit date and the number who successfully quit at the 4 week follow-up. It also presents in depth analyses of the key measures of the service including pregnant women and breakdowns by age group, gender, ethnic group and type of pharmacotherapy received and regional analyses at Region and Local Authority (LA) levels. Final figures for 2015-16 will be included in the end of year report to be published on 18 August 2016.
England - April to December 2015a
- 267,112 people set a quit date through NHS Stop Smoking Services and at the 4 week follow-up 135,845 people (51 per cent) had successfully quit (self-reported)b.
- 71 per cent of successful quitters (self-reported)b had their results confirmed by Carbon Monoxide (CO) verificationc.
- Of those setting a quit date, success increased with age, from 42 per cent of those aged under 18, to 57 per cent of those aged 60 and over.
- Slightly more Females than Males set a quit date in all age groups with the exception of 35 to 44 year olds, however Males had a slightly higher self-reported success rate in all age groups.
- Of the 12,529 pregnant women who set a quit date, 5,726 successfully quit (self-reported)b (46 per cent). Of these, 60 per cent had their results confirmed by CO verificationc.
- Among the nine regions, Yorkshire and the Humber and the South East reported the highest proportion of successful quitters (self-reported)b. (56 per cent), whilst the North East reported the lowest success rate (45 per cent)d.
- Of the 150 Local Authorities (LAs) who submitted data, Warrington Borough Council reported the highest proportion of successful quitters (self-reported)b (81 per cent) followed by Bracknell Forest Borough Council (78 per cent). In contrast, London Borough of Newham Council reported the lowest success rate (30 per cent) with Dorset County Council being the next lowest (32 per cent)d.
Treatment and Expenditure
- ‘One-to-one support’ (216,239) was the most widely used Intervention Typee and had a success rate of 50 per cent, whilst ‘telephone support’ was used by far fewer quitters (6,674) but had the highest success rate at 61 per centd.
- ‘General practice’ was the most common Intervention Settinge with 98,516 people setting a quit date and 47,481 (48 per cent) successfully quitting. A ‘Hospital’ setting was used by 8,306 people setting a quit date but had the highest success rate, (59 per cent) with 4,867 people successfully quittingd.
- The most common pharmacotherapy received by those setting a quit date was a combination of licensed NCPs concurrently (33 per cent). This compares to 26 per cent who received a single Nicotine Containing Product (NCP) and similarly, 26 per cent who used Varenicline (Champix) only. Seven per cent of people setting a quit date did not receive any pharmacotherapy, and the remaining 9 per cent received another type of pharmacotherapy or the type they received was not known.
- There were differences in the proportion successfully quitting by the type of pharmacotherapy receivede, 72 per cent of those who used a ‘licensed medication and an unlicensed NCP consecutively’ successfully quit. This compares to 66 per cent of those who received an ‘Unlicensed NCP’ and 60 per cent of those who received Varenicline (Champix) only.
- 58 per cent of people setting a quit date (154,133) were eligible to receive free prescriptions and 55 per cent of successful quitters (75,149) were eligible. This gave a success rate of 49 per cent for those eligible to receive free prescriptions.
- Not all local authorities returned all data items. No estimates have been made for missing data so national and regional totals presented here will be an underestimate. See data quality statement for more information.
- A client is counted as a ‘self-reported 4-week quitter’ if when assessed 4 weeks after the designated quit date, they declare that they have not smoked, even a single puff on a cigarette, in the past two weeks.
- Carbon Monoxide (CO) validation measures the level of carbon monoxide in the bloodstream and provides an indication of the level of use of tobacco: it is a motivational tool for clients as well as validation of their smoking status. CO validation should be attempted on all clients who self-report as having successfully quit at the 4-week follow-up, except those who were followed up by telephone.
- Note that these are not standardised rates.
- These data should not be used to assess or compare the clinical effectiveness of the various pharmacotherapies or intervention types and settings as they reflect only the results obtained through the NHS Stop Smoking Services, and are not based on clinical trials. For example, a particular intervention type may be used more often for heavy smokers which will reduce the quit rate. A trained stop smoking advisor discusses and agrees the treatment option with each client.