Health Survey for England - 2004: Health of ethnic minorities, Headline results [NS]
The Health Survey for England is an annual survey of the health of the population. It has an annually repeating core accompanied by different topic modules each year. The focus of the 2004 report is on the health of ethnic minorities with an emphasis on cardiovascular disease (CVD). The report also covers the behavioural risk factors associated with CVD such as drinking, smoking and eating habits and health status risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes. For children the emphasis is on respiratory health. The headline tables represent the key results of the 2004 survey.
The prevalence of angina and heart attack was highest in Pakistani men and Indian men and women, and lowest in the Black African and Chinese groups. Among those aged 55 and over, the prevalence of angina was highest in Pakistani men (31 per cent) and Indian women (15 per cent), while the prevalence of heart attack was highest in Pakistani group (19 per cent men, 6.9 per cent women)
Prevalence of doctor-diagnosed diabetes was significantly higher in Black Caribbean (10% men, 8.4% women), Indian (10 per cent, 5.9 per cent), Pakistani (7.3 per cent, 8.6 per cent) and Bangladeshi (8.2 per cent, 5.2 per cent) men and women than in the general population (4.3 per cent men, 3.4 per cent women)
Twenty-three per cent of men and of women in the general population were obese (body mass index greater than 30 (kg/m2)). With the exception of Black Caribbean (25 per cent) and Irish (27 per cent) men, men from minority ethnic groups had markedly lower obesity prevalence rates than those in the general population. Prevalence was highest in Black African (39 per cent), Black Caribbean (32 per cent), and Pakistani (28 per cent) women, and lowest among Chinese women (7.6 per cent)
Thirty seven per cent of Indian and 36% of Chinese men met the recommended guidelines of consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day. Chinese and Indian women were the most likely to consume the recommended intake of five portions a day (42 per cent and 36 per cent respectively). The proportion was lower in men and women in the other minority ethnic groups, particularly Irish men (26 per cent) and Bangladeshi women (28 per cent) and in the general population (23 per cent of men, 27 per cent of women)
Black Caribbean boys (30 per cent) were more likely than boys in the general population (23 per cent) to have had asthma diagnosed by a doctor. Doctor-diagnosed asthma was less prevalent among Black African, Pakistani and Bangladeshi boys (17 per cent, 13 per cent and 12 per cent respectively). The proportion of Black African, Pakistani and Bangladeshi girls with doctor-diagnosed asthma (9 per cent, 8 per cent and 7 per cent respectively) was lower than among girls in the general population (18 per cent).
ISBN Reference: 1-84636-034-X