Health Survey for England - 2010, Trend tables [NS]
The Health Survey for England is a series of annual surveys designed to measure health and health-related behaviours in adults and children living in private households in England. The survey was commissioned originally by the Department of Health and, from April 2005 by The NHS Information Centre for health and social care.
The Health Survey for England has been designed and carried out since 1994 by the Joint Health Surveys Unit of the National Centre for Social Research (NatCen) and the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University College London (UCL)Medical School. The trend tables focus upon key changes in core topics and measurements. These include estimates of the number, as well as the proportion, of people with a range of health related problems and lifestyle behaviours.
- The prevalence of high blood pressure in 2010 was at 31.5 per cent among men and 29.0 per cent among women, remaining at a similar level over the last few years. Between 2003 and 2010, the proportion with controlled hypertension increased from 5.4 per cent to 10.3 per cent among men, and from 6.0 per cent to 10.9 per cent among women.
- The proportion of adults with a normal BMI decreased between 1993 and 2010, from 41 per cent to 31 per cent among men and from 49 per cent to 40 per cent among women. Among both men and women there has been little change in the proportion that was overweight over the period (42 per cent of men and 32 per cent of women in 2010).
- Among men there was an increase overall in the proportion who never regularly smoked cigarettes (from 39 per cent in 1993 to 50 per cent in 2010). Correspondingly, the proportion of men who were current smokers declined overall from 28 per cent in 1993 to 22 per cent in 2010, as did the proportion who used to smoke regularly (from 33 per cent to 28 per cent).
- The percentage of women who had never regularly smoked increased from 52 per cent in 1993 to 59 per cent in 2010, while the proportion of current smokers decreased overall in the same period, falling from 26 per cent to 18 per cent.
- The proportion of men consuming more than 4 units on the heaviest day's drinking in the last week did not show substantial change between 2006 and 2010 (41 per cent in both years), and similarly the proportion of men that drank more than twice the recommended amount showed little change over the period (24 per cent to 23 per cent).
- The picture was different among women: there was a decrease between 2006 and 2010 both in the proportion consuming more than 3 units on the heaviest day's drinking last week (from 33 per cent to 28 per cent), and in the proportion drinking more than twice the recommended amount (from 16 per cent to 14 per cent).
Fruit and vegetable consumption
- Both men and women the proportion that consumed five or more portions per day increased significantly to a peak in 2006, from 22 per cent in 2001 to 28 per cent in 2006 among men, and from 25 per cent to 32 per cent among women.
- However, the proportion of adults consuming five or more portions a day was significantly lower in 2008, when 25 per cent of men and 29 per cent of women reported consuming five or more portions. The 2010 results are at a level comparable with 2008 (25 per cent and 27 per cent respectively).